The pyonephrosis is a suppurative process of the urinary tract and kidney leading to a rapid and complete loss of kidney function. The classical treatment of a pyonephrosis is a drainage by nephrostomy. It is usually followed by nephrectomy as a secondary procedure or less commonly by a reconstructive operation. We report 19 cases of pyonephrosis treated in our service.
Over a period of three years (January 2009-January 2012) were treated in our training 19 cases of pyonephrosis (12 women and 7 men). Their average age was 43 years (23 years to 74 years). Clinically, all patients presented with fever, lower back pain and a significant deterioration in general health. Biologically, they all had an important inflammatory syndrome. The Radiological examinations (radiography, ultrasound and scanner) have objectified obstructive lithiasis in 16 patients, an ureteropelvic junction syndrome in 2 patients and an ureteral stenosis secondary to pelvic surgery in one patient.we proceeded with the establishment of a percutaneous nephrostomy in 15 patients and an ureteral catheter in 4 patients. A large-spectrum antibiotics was initiated with a clinical and laboratory monitoring a first group of 8 patients underwent an early nephrectomy (average 10 days after admission) because of persistent sepsis (5 cases) and due to a complete destruction of the kidney to the scanner (3 cases). A second group of 11 patients underwent a re-evaluation after 3 months (renal scintigraphy) and we conducted a nephrectomy in 8 patients and a conservative surgery in 3 patients (2 surgery for nephrolithiasis and one treatment for ureteropelvic junction syndrome) in the first group the mean hospital stay was 17 days, the mean operative time was 1 hour 50 minutes and we got 4 peroperative complications (one wound digestive, three openings peritoneal and one pleural wound). One patient died postoperatively due to septic shock on the second group, the average hospital stay was 9 days with a mean surgery time of 1 hour 10 minutes. One peroperative complication was noted (peritoneal opening).
The pyonephrosis is an emergency requiring renal drainage and antibiotic therapy rigorous. The indication of emergency surgery is persistent sepsis or the presence of complications (rupture of pyonephrosis, for example). The remote surgery of renal drainage is easier, with a lower mortality and morbidity, what we explain by a reduced inflamatory and infectious phenomana (thanks to a long period drainage).It allows a conservative surgery (3 in our series) if the kidney is functional.
The management of pyonephrosis is an emergency, it usually leads to nephrectomy. The surgery is difficult with an early mortality and morbidity. The remote surgery is easier and can sometimes preserve the kidney if he is functional.
1. SAW Y. FALL B. SARR A. Pyonéphrose: 44 observations au Sénegal; Médecine tropicale 2011, Vol.71,no5, 495-498
2. RABII R. JOUAL A. RAIS H. FEKAK H. MOUFID K.; Pyonéphrose: diagnostic et traitement : à propos de 14 cas ; Annales d'urologie 2000, vol. 34, no3, pp. 161-164
3. G S M HARRISON F; The management of pyonephrosis; Annals of the Royal College of Surgeons of England (1983) vol.65
Source(s) of Funding
This article has been downloaded from WebmedCentral. With our unique author driven post publication peer
review, contents posted on this web portal do not undergo any prepublication peer or editorial review. It is
completely the responsibility of the authors to ensure not only scientific and ethical standards of the manuscript
but also its grammatical accuracy. Authors must ensure that they obtain all the necessary permissions before
submitting any information that requires obtaining a consent or approval from a third party. Authors should also
ensure not to submit any information which they do not have the copyright of or of which they have transferred
the copyrights to a third party.
Contents on WebmedCentral are purely for biomedical researchers and scientists. They are not meant to cater to
the needs of an individual patient. The web portal or any content(s) therein is neither designed to support, nor
replace, the relationship that exists between a patient/site visitor and his/her physician. Your use of the
WebmedCentral site and its contents is entirely at your own risk. We do not take any responsibility for any harm
that you may suffer or inflict on a third person by following the contents of this website.